President Duda said the bill would protect Poland's interests "so that we are not being slandered as a state and as a nation". Israel, however, has expressed concern that the legislation could open the door to prosecuting Holocaust survivors for their testimony should it concern the involvement of individual Poles for allegedly killing or giving up Jews to the Germans. "Enactment of this law adversely affects freedom of speech and academic inquiry", he added. Nevertheless, Duda already signed the bill into law, and it would take effect within the next two weeks, before the tribunal would be able to issue any clarifications.
Education Minister Naftali Bennett said the government of Poland has cancelled the minister's scheduled visit to Warsaw this week after Bennett pledged to use the visit to "make it clear" that Polish complicity in the Holocaust was an historical fact that can not be erased.
The incident comes amid a standoff between Poland and Israel over legislation passed in both houses of the Polish Parliament that would criminalize rhetoric blaming Poland for Nazi crimes, including calling death camps set up on Polish soil by the Nazis "Polish death camps".
The country has long objected to the use of phrases like "Polish death camps", which suggest the Polish state in some way shared responsibility for camps such as Auschwitz.
"Such historical inaccuracies affect Poland. and must be combatted in ways that protect fundamental freedoms", said the USA top diplomat.
The State Department had warned last week that such a law could have "repercussions" on Poland's relationship with the United States.
According to Polish security analyst Grzegorz Kostrzewa-Zorbas the statement was the "strongest" made by the U.S. toward Poland since the Cold War.
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Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki has described the tensions as a "temporary weakening of relations with Israel and the USA" but added that he hoped for an improvement soon after Poland "will explain our position".
Israel's Foreign Ministry said Tuesday that it would continue to communicate with Poland despite its reservations about the law.
"It seems inconceivable that an European Union member state can be permitted to whitewash history by imposing draconian legislation that can imprison people for holding an alternative view on what happened during Europe's darkest days", Margolin added.
The law has also been protested in Ukraine because it could see penalties for anyone who denies crimes committed by Ukrainian nationalists until 1950.
"Yes, the death camps in Poland were built and operated by the Germans, and we can not allow them to evade responsibility for these actions".
"It was our country that organised these mass murders and no one else. No legislation will change the past", Bennett said.