It included other changes created to put Xi and the party at the very heart of Chinese life.
Xi, who is also head of the military, was speaking during a meeting of the People's Liberation Army and armed police at the ongoing annual session of the National People's Congress.
China has cracked down on online criticism of Xi's power play, even as shares of companies with "king" or "emperor" in their names surged after the amendment was unveiled. "But from America's perspective, this administration has been very clear of pushing back against the Chinese threat".
China removed presidential term limits from its constitution on Sunday, giving President Xi Jinping the right to remain in office indefinitely, and confirming his status as the country's most powerful leader since Mao Zedong died more than 40 years ago. This move reflects a similar revision of the CPC Constitution adopted at the CPC's 19 National Congress in October of previous year (China Brief, November 10, 2017), and makes Xi Jinping only the third Chinese leader mentioned by name in the PRC Constitution-"Mao Zedong Thought" and "Deng Xiaoping Theory" are also similarly honored.
"The amendment generates a level of uncertainty", Rafferty said before the vote. The bill also included Xi's political ideology, which was included in the preamble, and it strengthens the role of the party. In other words, the Communist Party is the only party fit to rule China, and with Xi's political thought and goals written into the document as well, he is now unquestionably the country's paramount leader.
The expression that China will "adhere to the peaceful development path and the mutually beneficial strategy of opening-up" was added to the preamble.
No surprises: constitutional amendment scrapping presidential term limits passes by overwhelming majority: 2958 in favor, two opposed, three abstentions. However, many have anxious about the possible return of China to despotic eras.
The constitutional amendment that was approved today abolished the two-term limit established for the presidents.
Voting begins in Gorakhpur, Phulpur; Yogi Adityanath confident of 'massive' victory
The voting passed off peacefully, but cases of VVPATs developing snags were reported in some booths. Before Mr Adityanath, the seat was represented in parliament by his mentor Yogi Avaidyanath thrice.
The amendment also added the leader's eponymous political philosophy into the constitution: "Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era".
Lawmakers at the session agreed that the constitutional revision, which accords with the aspiration of the Party and the people and has won approval from both inside and outside the Party, is of historic significance for ensuring prosperity and lasting security of both the Party and the country.
The legislature's spokesman has said the abolishing of term limits is aimed only at bringing the office of the president in line with Xi's other positions atop the Communist Party and the Central Military Commission, which do not impose term limits.
"Everyone expects that this will make Xi Jinping a stronger, more decisive leader, but it's also possible that he will need to justify this change by maintaining his popularity", explained Mary Gallagher, the director of the Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies at the University of MI. "Enact a property tax?" she continued.
Another authorized a new investigative agency to step up the anticorruption drive that Xi has used to consolidate his control over the party. Xi will practically be able to implement any policy he wants.
Asked by a foreign journalist whether China risks returning to one-man rule and the savage turbulence of the Mao Zedong era, Mr. Shen described "two rounds of applause" by the hand-picked delegates to China's rubber-stamp parliament during an explanation of the constitutional change.
However, if the policies are not right for China, there's no much to be done. Liu was a puppet President and fell out of favour during Mao's Cultural Revolution.