Iran's foreign minister visits Moscow on Monday as Russian Federation tries to keep the Iran nuclear deal alive in the wake of Washington's pull-out, pushing it into rare cooperation with Europe. The foreign ministers of the three European powers will meet their Iranian counterpart in Brussels on Tuesday to discuss a way forward.
The JCPOA has ensured that Iran's nuclear program remains peaceful in exchange for sanctions relief.
"Guarantees of benefits of the JCPOA should be given to Iran". After years of crippling economic sanctions, the deal opened Iran to business with the USA and Europe, and companies around the world began doing business in Iran.
Media captionWhat is the Iran nuclear deal?
Khamenei said on Wednesday that Iran does not trust France, Germany and the United Kingdom to provide the "real guarantees" needed for Iran to remain in the agreement.
National security adviser John Bolton said Sunday he believes European nations will ultimately join the US and leave the Iran nuclear agreement.
"It is going to be very hard for us to preserve the economic benefits of the Iran deal", one senior European diplomat said.
US President Donald Trump said the deal was "horrible" because of expiry dates on its restrictions and because it did not cover Iran's ballistic missile programme or its regional influence.
China was closely involved in negotiating the agreement as one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and has always been a close Iranian economic partner, buying about a third of Iran's oil shipments.
Australia looking into claims that Google collects users' data
But it does not appear to mention the constant monitoring in the background when Maps is not in use. A Google spokesperson said the company had users' permission to collect data.
The sanctions will target critical sectors of Iran's economy, including petrochemicals, energy and finance.
White House National Security adviser John Bolton said it was possible European companies that continue to do business with Iran were at the risk of facing sanctions from the United States.
Mr Zarif said on his first stop, China, that he hoped to secure a "clear future design" for the agreement.
But the reach of the U.S. financial system, the dominance of the USA dollar, Trump's efforts to weaken the WTO and the presence of European companies' operations in the United States all weaken any potential EU measures.
A number of European companies, including Airbus, Siemens and Total, had established operations in Iran since the signing of the deal.
European Union leaders aim to show a united front on preserving the Iran deal when they meet for a pre-summit dinner in Sofia on Wednesday, officials said.
The Trump administration portrayed its rejection of the nuclear agreement as a response, in part, to Tehran's interventions in the Middle East, underpinning Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's tough line towards Iran.
"The Europeans, after the withdrawal of the United States from the deal, have found themselves forced to save the Joint Cooperative Plan of Action themselves", he added.
But European diplomats were despondent.