Bean flew into space twice, first in November 1969 as the pilot of Apollo 12, when he became the fourth man to walk on the moon, nabbing the honor behind Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Pete Conrad, who served as the commander of Apollo 12.
Mr Bean's wife Leslie remembered him as "the strongest and kindest man I ever knew", adding: "He was the love of my life and I miss him dearly".
According to NASA, Bean was commissioned as a U.S. Navy pilot in 1955, and he joined NASA's astronaut corps in 1963.
"When Alan's third career as the artist of Apollo moved forward, he would call me to ask about some detail about lunar soil, colour or equipment he wanted to have represented exactly in a painting". His paintings have been exhibited at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum in Washington and have sold to collectors for well in excess of $100,000.
"When I became head of the Skylab Branch of the Astronaut Office, we worked together and Alan eventually commanded the second Skylab mission".
Bean's passing means only four of the 12 Apollo moonwalkers are still alive, with a string of lunar landing anniversaries due to begin next year.
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Seconds after the capsule's liftoff, a lightning strike knocked out its electrical equipment, but its power was quickly restored.
The astronaut spent a total of 1,671 hours and 45 minutes in space. They also checked up on Surveyor 3, which had landed two years earlier.
The three astronauts, all holding the rank of Navy commander, splashed down in the Pacific Ocean only 3 miles from the aircraft carrier Hornet.
Conrad died in a motorcycle accident in 1999; Gordon died in 2017.
After Apollo 12, Bean commanded Skylab's second crew on a record-setting 59 day, 24.4 million flight, generating 76,000 images of the Sun to help scientists understand its effects on the solar system.
Bean is survived by his wife Leslie, his sister Paula Stott, and two children, Amy Sue and Clay. One of his favorite tricks was to sprinkle a little moondust from his lunar patches onto his canvases as he painted. But I've been there and I can tell you it's mostly black dirt.
Mr Bean said in 1998 that he had wanted to be a pilot "ever since I could remember". "My boss asked if I could make a living off art, and I said I didn't know, but I had to find out".