In a statement, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said that the new 10-percent tariffs were in response to what he called China's "retaliation and failure to change its practices".
In financial markets, MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 1.5 percent, while the main indexes in Hong Kong and Shanghai fell more than 2 percent.
The Trump administration is readying tariffs on another $200 billion in Chinese imports, ranging from burglar alarms to mackerel, escalating a trade war between the world's two biggest economies. But China only bought about $135 billion in US goods a year ago, meaning it will run out of American products to tax before it matches Trump's latest move. Much of what the United States imports from China is apparel, handbags, shoes and electronics - products that were largely spared in earlier tariff lists.
The new list published on Tuesday targets many more consumer goods than those covered under the tariffs imposed last week, raising the direct threat to consumers and retail firms.
To argue their case against tariffs, consumer companies' playbook has included pointing to higher costs for everyday goods, while laying the blame at the president's feet - the American Apparel and Footwear Association has dubbed the tariffs the "Trump tax".
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, which has supported Trump's tax cuts and efforts to reduce regulation of businesses, also criticized the administration's move.
Who is Supreme Court contender Amy Coney Barrett?
Trump is committed to placing an extreme ideologue on the Court, who could endanger environmental protections, overturn Roe v. But in a law review article in 2009, Kavanaugh wrote that it was not in the public's interest to indict a sitting president.
American experts have been quick to slam the President's new rules and accused him of "punishing" ordinary American people. President Donald Trump had ordered him last month to draw up the list in the event China retaliated against a previous round of US tariffs.
"We encourage companies to optimize the structure of imports, increase imports of soybean, agricultural products, as well as seafood and cars from other countries and regions", said the ministry, explaining that the measures are aimed at mitigating the effects of the trade war with the United States. "Unfortunately, China has not changed its behavior - behavior that puts the future of the USA economy at risk".
Administration officials said they hoped the measures would convince the Chinese government to increase market access for U.S. companies and address allegations of the theft of intellectual property.
The U.S. Trade Representative is taking comments on these proposed tariffs until August 17. "We believe the USA measures interfere with economic globalization and damage the world economic order".
"China has no option but to fight fire with fire".