Kohli's celebration of Root's dismissal with a "mic drop" gesture, mocking the bat drop by the Englishman to celebrate a hundred during the ODI series, added a bit of spice to the proceedings.
Root was looking set to get a big one but a brilliant piece of fielding from Kohli saw the right-hander getting run-out for 80. By stumps, England had a lead of 22 but had lost Alastair Cook for 0, bowled for the second time in the Test by the offspinner R Ashwin.
After restoring parity on day two of the opening Test in Edgbaston thanks to Virat Kohli's stunning century, the visitors will look forward to cut short England's lead on Friday.
Kohli was the last wicket to fall, taking India to 274 all out from a precarious 182 for eight.
His last-wicket stand of 57 with Umesh Yadav - of which the number 11 contributed only one run - was full of clean hitting from Kohli, who launched Rashid over long-on for six before finally falling as he slapped the leg-spinner to Stuart Broad at point.
Keaton Jennings survived on nine when Ajinkya Rahane dived in front of Kohli off Ishant Sharma, from fourth across third slip, but could not hold the edge.
Kohli was one of two players, along with David Warner, to record twin centuries in that Adelaide Test.
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Thereafter, Pandya played the ideal second fiddle, raising 48 runs for the sixth wicket with his skipper, who took full advantage of the life he got on 21 when Dawid Malan dropped him at second slip of James Anderson.
Booed by the crowd when he came out to bat, Kohli left to applause from the England fielders and fans alike.
England batsman Jos Buttler went to the hospital during the lunch interval for an X-ray on his left middle finger, which he appeared to injure while fielding. Pacer Mohammed Shami, who started the proceedings along with Ashwin, got Curran (24) caught behind by wicketkeeper Dinesh Karthik.
But it might have been different story had not Malan dropped Kohli in the slips off James Anderson and Ben Stokes when the star batsman had made 21 and 51.
Such was the dominance of the 29-year-old captain, the next top scorer for India was opener Shikhar Dhawan with 26.
But the introduction of Curran turned the tide in England's favour.
With the ball, he bagged 79 wickets in Tests, including three fifers.