Gates is cooperating in hopes of a lighter prison sentence.
"This jury is just supposed to believe you after all the lies that you've told and the fraud you've committed?" asked Downing. It's hung much of its strategy on carving away at what Gates says.
The lawyer, Kevin Downing, was trying to counter earlier testimony that Manafort had encouraged Gates to deceive authorities by directing him to help hide his foreign income and to submit phony mortgage and tax documents on his behalf.
The prosecution flashed a December 2011 email on the TV screens in the Alexandria, Virginia, courtroom Tuesday between Gates and Manafort about a wire transfer.
During cross-examination on Tuesday, the defense painted Gates as living a "secret life" in London and accused him of embezzling money from Manafort's foreign accounts at center of the trial to indulge in an extramarital affair in the United Kingdom. "We don't plan on doing that, but we plan on questioning him about what we call his, you know, separate secret life and how ... it relates to money he had stolen, embezzled, and things that he was doing, but specifically as to infidelity, we do not think we're going to get into that".
Downing told Judge T.S. Ellis III that he plans to cross-examine Gates for another hour Wednesday morning. The defense moved on.
While the defense's strategy seems focused destroying Gates' trustworthiness in the eyes of the jury, prosecutors have sought to broaden their case so it's not completely reliant on him.
During the testimony, Manafort did not stare Gates down as he did Monday. In addition, he testified, he did not submit the required forms at Manafort's direction.
After saying Monday that he committed crimes with Manafort, including concealing offshore accounts to avoid reporting them to the US government at tax time and claiming false income to get loans, Manafort defense attorney Kevin Downing asked the witness, "This jury is just supposed to believe you after all the lies that you've told and the fraud you've committed?"
"In Cyprus, they were documented as loans".
Gates acknowledged that he did for two months and that he took first-class flights and stayed in "fancy hotels" around Europe, but said the money came from bonuses rather than illicit gains.
Trump attacks report that he’s anxious about son’s exposure to Mueller inquiry
It is common for United States politicians to research their opponents during a campaign. I mean, they're calling it worse than contradictions obviously, ' she said.
Paul Manafort (L), former campaign chairman for U.S. President Donald Trump, in Washington, DC, U.S., December 11, 2017, and Rick Gates, former campaign aide to Trump, in Washington, U.S., December 11, 2017 are pictured in this combination photograph.
Gates appeared to be referring to his decision to enter into a plea agreement with the office of Special Counsel Robert Mueller in exchange for his trial testimony. He's expected to go for at least another hour in questioning with Manafort's attorney's.
And there were Manafort's emails, which prosecutors showed to the courtroom.
By that time, Gates was working on Trump's inaugural committee.
In 2015 and 2016, Gates said, Manafort "requested a team of people to pull together" documents to apply for bank loans in order to keep pace with payments to maintain his luxurious lifestyle.
Manafort to Gates in 2016, doctoring numbers in a financial statement.
However, when Andres returned to the podium for another chance to question Gates, Gates said that Manafort did reach out to a Ukrainian businessman before his Federal Bureau of Investigation interview to get more information about the entity that the businessman used to pay him and to make sure that it was "clean", meaning it was only used to pay Manafort.
Manafort's political work included advising Viktor Yanukovich on policy after he won the Ukrainian presidency, Gates said.
After Gates described his theft as "unauthorized transactions" instead of embezzlement, Downing prodded him to use the latter term - and Gates ultimately relented, saying, "It was embezzlement from Mr. Manafort".
Gates's testimony wrapped moment later.