The US will impose 25 percent tariffs on $16 billion (€13.7 billion) worth of Chinese imports, in addition to the tariffs already in place, the Trump administration announced on Tuesday.
The measure comes shortly after Washington released the latest list of Chinese goods worth $16 billion that are set to face a 25 percent tariff.
The administration is readying tariffs of up to 25 percent on an additional $200 billion in Chinese products.
Customs officials will begin collecting the border tax August 23, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative says.
China's latest tariffs will be implemented on August 23, in tandem with the U.S.
China's exports surged more than expected in July despite USA duties and its closely watched surplus with the United States remained near record highs, as the world's two major economic powers ramp up a bitter dispute that some fear could derail global growth.
The tariff will mostly apply to industrial equipment, like tractors and chemicals. Washington has long criticised China's trade surplus with the United States and has demanded Beijing cut it.
The trade representative said the tariffs were a response to an investigation, released this year, which found China's policies on technology transfer, intellectual property and innovation were unreasonable and discriminatory, and placed an unfair burden United States commerce.
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Mr Trump has said he would be willing to hit all of China's imports with duties.
At the same time, Beijing reported a $28.1bn trade surplus with the United States in July, just below the record $28.9bn seen in June.
Trump has threatened to levy a 25% tariff on an additional $200 billion worth of Chinese imports to the U.S. - a move that would blow open the disagreement between the countries. Beijing is expected to hit $16 billion worth of USA goods with equal tariffs in response to Tuesday's move.
All China's main state newspapers published a lengthy commentary by the official Xinhua news agency, entitled "declaration", on their front pages.
April 4: China rolls out a listof more than 100 U.S. goods worth roughly $50 billion that are subject to retaliatory tariffs.
"Although this may for a moment bring preening with delight, it will make it hard to resolve economic imbalances or out of kilter politics and other deep-rooted problems".
July figures showed the US' trade deficit with China decrease only slightly.
John Neuffer, president and CEO of the Semiconductor Industry Association, said in a statement they were disappointed and puzzled why semiconductors remain on the final tariff list.