Paul Manafort's former business partner, Rick Gates, is on the stand for the third straight day in Manafort's bank and tax fraud trial as prosecutors and defense lawyers wage their battle over Gates' credibility.
But his involvement in creating those documents and executing those transactions, they have said, did not extend beyond inking his signature at the bottom.
Prosecutors also called an Airbnb employee to testify about a property in Manhattan that Manafort rented out through the website but that he listed as a primary residence on his Citizens Bank loan application.
Defence lawyers saw an opening to undermine his testimony by painting him as liar and a philanderer, getting him to admit to an extramarital affair and reminding jurors how he had lied to special counsel Robert Mueller's team while working out a plea deal for himself.
Gates described to jurors how he repeatedly submitted fake financial documents at Manafort's behest as his former boss became concerned he was paying too much in taxes and, later, that his funds were drying up. But today, Ellis told jurors he went overboard when he erupted on prosecutors for allowing an expert witness to remain in the courtroom during the trial.
Gates, also a former Trump campaign aide, has claimed during three days of evidence that he both stole for and stole from Manafort, who denies 18 counts of bank and tax fraud and failing to disclose foreign bank accounts.
The federal judge in the trial of U.S. President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman Paul Manafort expressed contrition on Thursday to jurors after berating prosecutors for allowing a witness to watch the proceedings, despite having given his earlier approval. At one point, as Gates had trouble recalling the details of his confession, Downing asked him, "Have they confronted you with so many lies that you can't even remember them?"
Manafort's political work included advising Viktor Yanukovich on policy after he won the Ukrainian presidency, Gates said. Gates said that these loans were actually income.
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For most of the trial, Manafort's lawyers have ceded that numerous financial documents he submitted to the IRS, banks, and his accountants contained falsified information.
Prosecutors sought to soften the blow of the cross-examination by asking Gates to acknowledge his own crimes, including a lie to Mueller's team in February.
That private "sidebar" conversation came after Manafort's attorneys asked Rick Gates about his discussions with Mueller's team - an indication that those conversations between Gates and Mueller's prosecutors could have revealed information relevant to Mueller's probe of Russian election interference.
Lisa Kern Griffin, who teaches law at Duke University, said many judges are harsher on the government, fearing that being seen favoring a prosecution could be the basis for a defendant's appeal. With the emails, prosecutors sought to show that Manafort controlled undeclared accounts that took in money from his Ukrainian clients and sent money to the US for his personal use. "This robe doesn't make me anything other than human".
Gary Seferian, a senior vice president at the Banc of California, said his bank gave Manafort the $1 million loan to rehabilitate and flip properties in the Los Angeles area, in part based on a financial statement for DMP International showing a profit of more than $4 million for 2015.
"You may put that aside..."
Mr Gates recounted how he and Mr Manafort used more than a dozen offshore shell companies and bank accounts in Cyprus to funnel the money, all while concealing the accounts and the income from the IRS. He finished his testimony Wednesday, Day 7 of the trial. I hope Manafort said "thank you" at least.
"Yes, because I'm here to tell the truth and take responsibility for my actions", Gates replied.