It turns out, however, that a handful of African leaders preferred to remain at home to tackle other affairs at a time that the continent is nearly bereft of presidents.
President Xi reflected on China's support to Liberia's peace process, and promised to continue to stand up and support the country in multilateral institutions.
China has provided aid to Africa since the Cold War period, but Beijing's presence in the region has grown exponentially with its emergence as a global trading power.
Every African country is represented at the business forum apart from eSwatini, self-ruled Taiwan's last African ally that has so far rejected China's overtures to ditch Taipei and recognise Beijing.
Xi said Ethiopia is an important partner of China in Africa, and the two countries have established a comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership. In that period, more than 800 million Chinese had been lifted out of poverty.
This is third-time China is hosting its Africa summit.
The vision of the China-Africa relations is anchored on a desire for a shared future where all nations can prosper through cooperation and mutually beneficial partnerships.
She said the increase in exchanges of business people, students, academics and scientists between China and various African countries contributed towards skills development that would benefit the continent. [Consultation Mechanism] As prescribed in the Program for China-Africa Cooperation in Economic and Social Development, adopted at the 2000 Ministerial Conference of FOCAC, China and Africa agreed to set up joint follow-up mechanisms to conduct regular evaluations on the implementation of the follow-up actions.
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The meeting will also review the progress of the outcomes of the Johannesburg summit, during which President Xi Jinping announced 10 major co-operation plans to promote industrialisation and agricultural modernisation in Africa.
Ahead of FOCAC, Rwandan President Paul Kagame, now the chair of the African Union, also dismissed the concerns, telling the official Xinhua news agency talk of "debt traps" were attempts to discourage African-Chinese interactions.
Xi told him on Sunday that "foreign forces" should not interfere in Sudan's internal affairs, China's Foreign Ministry said.
Sun Baohong, Chinese ambassador to Kenya, said late August that China has become one of the most favorable destinations for Kenyan students.
Proposed in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which aims to build a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along the ancient trade routes of the Silk Road.
State media has accused the West of sour grapes over China's prominent role in Africa and has angrily rejected claims of forcing African countries into a debt trap.
He also voiced hope that Chinese and African companies could find new ways to cooperate in the field of technology. Morocco and Tunisia have already eased visa restrictions. He noted that Tunisia expects to receive 30,000 to 35,000 Chinese tourists this year.
The FOCAC summit, that will be held at the Great Hall of the People, will be attended and addressed by United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the African Union Commission Chairman Moussa Faki.