Abe had, in fact, met with Trump last September 26, a month before his visit to China.
Abe said he sought frank talks with Xi and Li covering North Korea and trade issues. Six years after the dispute over the contested East China Sea islands - known as the Senkaku in Japan, and the Diaoyu in China - the Chinese navy has kept up the pressure, sending the same number of coast guard vessels into the waters off the islands as it did in 2017, the Japanese official said.
"Both sides should accurately grasp each other's strategic intent, and implement what was agreed - that both sides will become partners, both sides will pose no threats to each other", Xi said.
Xi is expected to visit Japan next year, with Abe returning to China to attend a trilateral summit of the leaders of China, Japan and South Korea.
Abe also said that Japan and China share significant responsibility to contribute to the stability and prosperity of Asia and the world, and that the two countries shouldering the responsibility together is also a response to the expectations of the worldwide community. Then they will visit a company which is a leading manufacturer of factory automation, Gokhale said, adding Abe has taken personal interests in working out the programme for Modi's visit.
Editor's note: When then Japanese Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei visited China in Sept 1972, China donated a pair of pandas to Japan.
Faced with the threat of a trade war with the United States, China and Japan have made a decision to work together to develop new overseas markets, by focusing on collaboration instead of competing with each other.
Perhaps one of the most important shifts in the ties was Japan's announcement that it was officially ending 40 years of development aid to China, and that from this point forward Tokyo and Beijing would look to work together on development aid and pursue a new type of relationship.
Prince Harry and Meghan begin tour of Fiji
Prince Harry and his wife Meghan have arrived in Fiji, where they were greeted by a Guard of Honour at Nausori Airport. Meghan and Harry will have carried out about 76 engagements across their 16-day tour by the time it ends.
China now restricts the import of foods produced in 10 Japanese prefectures due to concerns about nuclear radiation after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, which was initiated by the devastating tsunami that hit the country in 2011. "Japan is welcome to participate in China's progress in the new era".
"How we dovetail this and how we leverage Japan's strength in certain areas including medical equipment, hospitals and others is something that the two leaders can explore", Gokhale said.
But despite the feel-good vibes, Abe also delivered a sterner message, a Japanese spokesman said, warning China that "without stability in the East China Sea, there will not be a true improvement in the relationship".
"There is a possibility they could cooperate against China", Hu Lingyuan, head of the Center for Japanese Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, said of the Indo-Pacific group.
The historical rivals have been drawn closer together under pressure from the United States to slash trade deficits.
He said India values Japan's global leadership in innovation, technologies and best practices and during his visit, he will have a chance to see some of Japan's high-tech capabilities in robotics.
Yuichiro Tamaki, the leader of an opposition party, said that even some younger lawmakers in Mr Abe's ruling Liberal Democratic Party are cautious about the relationship.
Modi is set to meet Abe for the 12th time in four-and-a-half years on Monday, signalling the strong ties between Asia's second and third largest economies.