It comes ahead of a key meeting between Mr Trump and China's President Xi Jinping at the G20 summit this month.
The United States has already imposed tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese goods, and China has responded with retaliatory duties on $110 billion worth of US goods.
But Trump described the call between the two leaders as "a long and very good conversation" and said "discussions are moving along nicely".
The Chinese president was also quoted as saying that he was willing to meet Trump in Argentina during the G-20 summit.
'We talked about many subjects, with a heavy emphasis on Trade.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions, center, announces the creation of a new initiative to crack down on Chinese intelligence officials pilfering intellectual property from USA corporations during a press conference in Washington, Nov. 1, 2018.
Xi on Thursday said he looks forward to meeting with Trump in Argentina and hopes the two sides build stable relations, according to China's state media.
Trump has imposed penalty tariffs of up to 25 per cent on $250 billion U.S. of Chinese goods in a dispute over Beijing's plans for state-led development of technology industries.
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Mr Khashoggi's family vehemently denied that he was in any way risky or a member of the Muslim Brotherhood. He entered the consulate to sort out documents for his marriage to his Turkish fiancée, Hatice Cengiz.
China has been hurt over the past months and is having a "hard time" due to strong steps taken by the U.S. against it over trade, USA president Donald Trump has claimed.
It was unclear if Mr Trump was easing up on United States demands that China has resisted. And they're having a hard time, and they'll be fine, ' Trump said Wednesday.
However, "policy talks" will determine whether he imposes additional duties, "not an arbitrary timeline", said Kudlow, who served as the Trump campaign's senior economic adviser.
In recent months, China has repeatedly questioned the US's sincerity in trade talks, wary of agreeing to something only to have Mr Trump change his mind.
Trump said that in early October China wanted to come in and make a deal, but he told them they weren't ready.
China and the United States are locked in an increasingly bitter trade war, with both countries have already placed tariffs on some of each others imports.
Meeting a group of Republican lawmakers in Beijing, China's Li noted the China-US relationship's "ups and downs" over the past four decades of diplomatic ties.